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The Emergence of Coronavirus (COVID-19) and Importance of Performing Diagnostics at the Front Line

The Emergence of Coronavirus (COVID-19) and Importance of Performing Diagnostics at the Front Line

In late December 2019, Chinese health authorities investigated a group of atypical pneumonia cases occurring primarily in individuals who had visited the seafood and wet market in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China – 2019. The epicenter of infection was linked to seafood and exotic animal wholesale markets in the city. SARS-CoV-2 is exceptionally infectious and has resulted in a rapid pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in which patients reported fever and cough, and most developed chest discomfort and/or respiratory distress.
Until this point in time, there have been approximately 334,981 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in over 189 different countries.

Diagnostic tests for COVID-19 have posed a potential threat in the ongoing coronavirus pandemic as an essential tool to track the spread of the disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) has repeatedly urged health agencies to make testing for the novel coronavirus a top priority in their response to the pandemic, however, the international response has been uneven.

Mostly, testing for COVID-19 at present is done on viral genetic material from the nose and throat swabs, utilizing a workhorse apparatus of molecular biology known as reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).
But PCR can only detect viruses while it is present in a person. It doesn’t uncover much about a resolved infection. It’s also known to sometimes produce false positives if reagents in a lab become contaminated.

The lab will acquire one of the following samples from you:
A swab test: The lab will take a special cotton swab and sample within the throat or nose
A nasal aspirate: The lab will inject a saline solution into your nose, then remove the sample with gentle suction.
A tracheal aspirate: A thin, lighted tube known as bronchoscope goes into your lungs, where a sample will be collected.
A sputum test: Sputum is a variety of bodily fluids from your lungs.
A blood test: The collected sample will be analyzed for the virus, either through a blanket test for all variants of the coronavirus (including regular influenza) or through a specific gene sequencing test that finds the marker for the novel coronavirus.

The COVID-19 outbreak has highlighted the need to create a robust and feasible system for rapid development, dissemination, and implementation of diagnostic tests targeted against Coronavirus. Diagnostic centers are an essential part of the healthcare sector. Diagnostic centers are an essential part of the healthcare sector. To achieve this goal, there will be substantial logistical challenges and resource limitations to overcome. However, this is certainly a challenge worth taking on, and one in which we can be successful by working together.

Clinico Diagnostic Center

  • +91 21635354 / 21635141
  • Head Office - Mulund East: Shop No 1 Nav Bhagyashree CHS, Next To Axis Bank, Opp Deshmukh Garden Mumbai 400081